Nursing Specialties: 98 Types of Nurses [+ Salaries & Certifications]
In this post, we’ve compiled a list of every nursing speciality we could think of. You’ll also learn about the average salary, level of education required, and possible certifications for each different type of nurse.
Read on to discover all of the opportunities in nursing and hopefully find one that interests you!
How To Choose A Nursing Specialty
The way you choose your nursing specialty depends on what is most important to you.
For example, if making as much money as possible is important to you, you may want to look into becoming a:
- Nurse Anesthetist
- Nurse Midwife
- Nurse Practitioner
On the other hand, if you’re really passionate about helping kids, then you may want to look into becoming a:
- Pediatric Nurse
- Pediatric Nurse Pracititoner
- School Nurse
You can read more about these different nursing specialties below.
How Many Nursing Specialties Are There?
While there’s no exact number of nursing specialties, there are certainly A LOT to choose from.
We’ve compiled a list of every one we could think of below, but even that probably doesn’t fully encompass the huge variety of different types of nurses.
What Nurse Specialty Pays The Most?
The highest-paying nurse specialty is the Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA). On average, they make $189,190 per year.
This is followed by Nurse Midwives, who make on average about $115,540 per year.
The third-highest paying type of nurse position is Nurse Practitioners. They make about $114,510 per year on average.
What Nurse Practitioner Specialty Is The Highest Paid?
The type of Nurse Practitioner specialty that pays the most is Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners. On average, they make about $138,324 per year.
This is followed by Neonatal Nurse Practitioners, who make on average about $129,718 per year.
The third-highest paying Nurse Practitioner specialty is Emergency Nurse Practitioners. They make about $118,685 per year on average.
98 Different Types of Nursing Specialties
1. Advance Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)
These types of nurses, because of their advanced education and training, can:
- Diagnose patients
- Order lab tests
- Prescribe medications (depending on the state)
There are four types of APRNs:
- Nurse Practitioners
- Nurse Anesthetists
- Clinical Nurse Specialists
- Nurse Midwives
We’ll talk more about these types of Advanced Practice RNs below.
2. Aesthetic Nurse Practitioner
Aesthetic Nurse Practitioners provide care to patients who want to change their physical appearance with cosmetic surgery. Their duties may include:
- Performing laser tattoo removal
- Administering botox
- Using chemical peels to help patients deal with skin problems
This nursing specialty requires that you first become a licensed RN. You’ll also need to obtain your MSN or DNP.
Finally, after gaining experience, you can choose to become a Certified Aesthetic Nurse Specialist.
The average annual salary for an Aesthetic Nurse Practitioner is $94,372.
3. Ambulatory Care Nurse
Ambulatory Care Nurses mostly treat patients experiencing mild medical conditions in outpatient centers. They often care for multiple patients in a short period of time.
Some duties Ambulatory Care Nurses may perform include:
- .Taking care of wounds
- Administering medication
- Ordering tests
Most of these nurses obtain their BSN (Bachelor’s of Science in Nursing) prior to working as this type of nurse. However, some only have an Associate’s Degree.
The average annual salary for an ambulatory care nurse is $76,100.
4. Bariatric Nurse
A Certified Bariatric Nurse cares for patients undergoing or recovering from bariatric surgery. This is a type of surgery performed to help obese patients lose weight.
Their responsibilities typically include:
- Educating patients on healthy dietary and lifestyle choices
- Monitoring patients’ progress post-surgery
- Providing counseling to patients
To become a Certified Bariatric Nurse, you need to be a licensed RN and pass the CBN exam.
The average annual salary for a Bariatric Nurse in the US is $115,589.
5. Camp Nurse
A Camp Nurse, as the name suggests, care for patients in a camp setting. While they typically treat kids and teens, they also need to be prepared to take care of adults working at the camp.
There duties typically include:
- Ensuring camps are healthy enough to participate in activities
- Treating any injuries or illnesses that campers may develop
- Making sure disabled and chronically ill children are safe
As long as you’re a licensed RN, you can work as a Camp Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Camp Nurse is $64,038
6. Cardiac Care Nurse
A Cardiac Care Nurse treats patients suffering from heart diseases and conditions. This includes patients suffering or recovering from:
- Coronary artery disease
- Congestive heart failure
- Bypass surgery
These nurses work closely with cardiologists and their duties can include:
- Monitoring patients’ hearts
- Administering medication
- Assisting with defibrillation
7. Cardiac Cath Lab Nurse
Cardiac Cath Lab Nurses care for patients undergoing procedures in a catheterization lab. Catheterizations involves the insertion of a small tube into through a blood vessel into the heart to diagnose and treat heart conditions.
These conditions include clogged arteries and irregular heartbeats.
Some typical duties of these nurses include:
- Assisting with diagnostic procedures
- Administering medication
- Monitoring patients’ vital signs
The certification for a Cardiac Cath Lab Nurse is the same as a Cardiac Care Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Cardiac Cath Lab Nurse is $82,002.
8. Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL)
A Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) attempts to improve patient outcomes by using data and research to make changes to the care environment.
By looking at the big picture and communicating between everyone involved in care, they:
- Reduce lengths of stay and readmission rates
- Improve patient safety
- Lower staff turnover
You will need to obtain your MSN (Master’s of Science in Nursing) with a CNL specialization in order to become a Clinical Nurse Leader.
The average annual salary for a Clinical Nurse Leader is $93,819.
9. Clinical Nurse Specialist
A Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) is a type of APRN that provides direct care to patients. However, unlike Nurse Practitioners, Clinical Nurse Specialists often act as educators and specialists. They act as experts to deliver the best patient outcomes possible.
Typically, they will specialize in a specific field or type of patient, such as:
- Emergency care
To become a Clinical Nurse Specialist, you will need to obtain your MSN with a CNS specialization.
The average annual salary for a Clinical Nurse Specialist is $111,982.
10. Community Health Nurse
Community Health Nurses fill gaps in the health system to provide care to underserved populations. These populations include:
- Low-income families
- People with disabilities
Many Community Health Nurse positions require you to have a BSN.
The average annual salary for a Community Health Nurse is $64,401.
11. Complementary Health/Holistic Nurse
A Complementary Health Nurse, or Holistic Nurse, treats patients as a whole rather than treating any particular symptom. They employ a “mind-body-spirit-emotion” approach to nursing and often use alternative medicine alongside Western medicine.
Their practice may include:
- Dietary guidance
- Breathing techniques
- Meditation instruction
Complementary Health Nurses are board-certified RNs and can get a certification in this specialization.
The average annual salary for a Holistic Nurse is about $74,040.
12. Correctional Facility Nurse
A Correctional Facility Nurse provides care to inmates. Their responsibilities may include:
- Treating acute illness or injury
- Performing psychiatric evaluations
- Assessing the health of new inmates
The only education required to become this type of nurse is an ADN or BSN.
The average annual salary for a Correctional Facility Nurse is $69,110.
13. Critical Care/ICU Nurse (CCN)
A Critical Care Nurse (CCN) provides direct care to patients with a critical injury or illness. They have to think and act fast to make life-saving medical interventions.
CCNs often have light patient loads, because the patients require constant attention and monitoring. They work in a variety of settings, including but not limited to:
- Intensive Care Units (ICUs)
- Coronary Care Units
- Burn Units
Critical Care Nurses are RNs and have the ability to become a Certified Critical Care Nurse in a number of specializations.
The average annual salary for a Critical Care Nurse is $79,800.
14. Dermatology Nurse
A Dermatology Nurse treats patients dealing with skin conditions. This type of RN can also find work in day spas and cosmetic dermatology offices.
The duties for a Dermatology Nurse vary greatly on work setting, but could include:
- Assistance with tattoo removal and chemical peels
- Caring for wounds or burns
- Treating acne
An RN can become a Dermatology Nurse Certified (DNC) after completing an examination.
The average salary for a Dermatology Nurse is $80,862.
15. Developmental Disability Nurse
A Developmental Disability Nurse cares for people with disabilities like:
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Down syndrome
- Cerebral palsy
After working with patients with developmental disabilities for two years, an Registered Nurse or LPN can take the DDNA exam to become certified in this speciality.
The average annual salary for a Developmental Disability Nurse is $52,603.
16. Diabetes Nurse
A Diabetes Nurse helps patients with Diabetes manage their condition. Their responsibilities include:
- Educating patients about how to manage their condition
- Nutrition counseling
- Prescribing insulin
Most Diabetes Nurses are Family Nurse Practitioners. This means you’ll need your MSN before you can become certified in this nursing speciality.
The average annual salary for a Diabetes Nurse is $91,197.
17. Domestic Violence Nurse
A Domestic Violence Nurse cares for patients who have been victims of domestic violence.
A background in nursing forensics is strongly encouraged if you want to work in this specialty. Many eventually earn their Certification in Forensic Nursing (CFN).
The average annual salary for a Domestic Violence Nurse is $51,979.
18. Emergency Room (ER) Nurse
Emergency Room Nurses are RNs that care for patients in an emergency room setting. Patients are typically suffering from severe injury or illness, so ER Nurses need to think and act quickly.
There are additional specialities within ER Nursing, including but not limited to:
An RN can get certified as an Emergency Nurse.
The average annual salary for an ER Nurse is about $79,260.
19. Family Nurse Practitioner
Family Nurse Practitioners provide care for patients of all ages.
They are often primary care providers for families, and may work with patients throughout their entire lives.
The average annual salary for an FNP is $115,310.
20. Flight Nurse
A flight nurse cares for patients as they are transported via helicopter or airplane. These patients are typically critically ill or injured and require care as they go to trauma centers.
A flight nurse is similar to an ER Nurse, only they have more limited space and resources.
An RN can become a Certified Flight Registered Nurse (CFRN) if they meet certain requirements.
The average annual salary for a Flight Nurse is $89,410.
21. Forensic Nurse
A Forensic Nurse provides care to patients who have been victims of violent crime, abuse, and neglect.
They also gather evidence to be used later by law enforcement. Some nurses may even provide testimony in court or consult with legal authorities.
While some Forensic Nurses practice as RNs, others get advanced degrees.
The average annual salary for a Forensic Nurse is $83,086
22. Gastroenterology Nurse
A Gastroenterology Nurse cares for patients suffering from conditions related to the digestive system or gastrointestinal tract.
Some of these nurses’ duties may include:
- Diet counseling to help patients manage symptoms
- Assisting with procedure like colonoscopies
- Helping patients manage pain
RNs have the option to become a Certified Gastroenterology Registered Nurse (CGRN).
The average annual salary for a Gastroenterology Nurse is $106,624.
23. Genetics Nurse
A Genetics Nurse cares for patients that have or are at risk of developing conditions with a genetics component. This could include conditions like:
- Heart disease
They provide direct patient care, and counsel patients on the best ways to manage their condition or diseases they may be at risk for.
Given the complexity of the topic, most Genetics Nurses have at least a BSN. However, many hold advanced degrees.
The average annual salary for a Genetics Nurse is $74,440.
24. Geriatric Nurse
A Geriatric Nurse provides care to elderly patient populations. These patients typical have long-term, chronic conditions.
Work settings may include:
- Nursing homes
- Home health care
This type of RN can obtain a Gerontological Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for a Geriatric Nurse is $73,668.
25. Gerontological Nurse Practitioner
Gerontological Nurse Practitioners provide care for older adults and those reaching the end of their lives.
Their duties can include:
- Assisting with daily living
- Administering medications
- Monitoring health vitals
You will need to obtain your MSN in an Gerontological Nurse Practitioner degree program to work in this nursing speciality. You can also get an Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner Certification.
The average salary for an Adult-Gerontology NP is $99,298. However, salaries can range from $85,626 to $115,681.
26. Gynecology/Obstetrics (OB/GYN) Nurse
Gynecology/Obstetrics Nurses provide care related to female reproductive health.
Some of their duties may include:
- Assisting with routine examinations, like pap smears
- Administering vaccines, like the HPV vaccine to prevent cervical cancer
- Providing guidance to woman on prenatal care
RNs can obtain additional certification in areas related to women’s health. They can also earn an MSN or DNP to advance their careers even further.
The average annual salary for an OB/GYN Nurse is $72,025.
27. Health Policy Nurse
Health Policy Nurses are involved in creating and advocating for public health policies with the aim of improving the nursing profession. They play a critical role in helping policymakers in government decide on healthcare laws.
This is a more research-oriented, non-clinical role.
While RNs with a BSN are allowed to work as Health Policy Nurses, it’s highly recommended that you obtain your MSN. From there you can get additional certification, or even go for a DNP.
The average annual salary for a Health Policy Nurse is $79,178.
28. Hematology Nurse
A Hematology Nursecare for patients with blood conditions, such as hemophilia or or leukemia.
This role involves both working with patients directly and perform research to improve outcomes for patients everywhere.
The average annual salary for a Hematology Nurse is $79,320.
29. Home Health Care Nurse
Home Health Care Nurses provide care to patients in the patients’ own homes. They provide a key role for patients who need medical supervision but don’t require hospitalization.
Some of their duties may include:
- Assisting patients with basic hygiene
- Advising on pain management
- Administering medication
Anyone from an LVN to an RN can work as a Home Health Nurse. Some even get an MSN so they can become an CNS or APRN with expertise in home health settings.
The average annual salary for a Home Health Care Nurse is $94,992.
30. Hospice Nurse
A Hospice Nurse cares for patients in the last stage of their lives. Instead of trying to cure the patient, nurses make their terminally ill patients as comfortable as possible in their final days.
There are a free different licenses RNs can obtain related to hospice and palliative care. Those with an MSN or DNP can also become Advanced Certified Hospice and Palliative Nurses.
The average annual salary for a Hospice Nurse is $79,183.
31. Independent Nurse Contractor
An Independent Nurse Contractor are non-salaried employees like like temporary nurses or per diem nurses.
As a contractor, you get to work when and where you want, allowing you to gain experience in a number of different clinical environments.
Any RN can work as an Independent Nurse contractor, though you’ll probably want to gain some experience in a healthcare facility first.
The average annual salary for an Independent Nurse Contractor is $76,105.
32. Infection Control Nurse
Infection Control Nurses create and implement procedures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in healthcare facilities.
They ensure best sanitation practices are followed to ensure patients’ safety. The need for these nurses has never been more important than it is now.
While you may be able to work in this speciality with an ADN, a BSN is typically preferred. RNs can also get certified in Infection Prevention and Control.
The average annual salary for an Infection Control Nurse is $84,582.
33. Informatics Nurse
Informatics Nurses work with IT professionals to ensure Electronic Health Records (EHR) systems and other healthcare technology work correctly.
Some responsibilities of these nurses include:
- Helping develop easy-to-use EHR systems
- Implementing other technology, like home care management systems
- Coordinating the transition from paper to digital records
To become an Informatics Nurse, you should earn an MSN with a specialization in Nursing Informatics. You can also earn your Informatics Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for an Informatics Nurse is $102,230.
34. Infusion Nurse
An Infusion Nurse administer medication and fluids via an IV line, ventral line, or venous access port.
This type of nurse performs:
- Blood transfusions
- Antibiotic infusions
- Vitamin infusions
An RN can become a Certified Registered Nurse Infusion.
The average annual salary for an Infusion Nurse is $78,231.
35. International Nurse
An International Nurse cares for patients in other countries where the skills are needed.
It’s a great opportunity to travel the world and explore new cultures.
Any RN can work as an International Nurse as long as they meet the requirements set forth by the country they want to travel to.
Salaries can range greatly depending on the country and assignment, but ZipRecruiter estimates the average annual salary for an International Nurse to be $71,548.
36. Labor and Delivery Nurse
Labor and Delivery Nurses get to witness childbirth, save lives, and care for both new babies and new mothers.
Some of their duties may include:
- Taking vital signs and performing assessments on mother and baby
- Monitoring contractions
- Coaching patients through delivery
- Assisting with cesarian sections or other surgical procedure
RNs can choose to get certified in Inpatient Obstetric Nursing. Others choose to advance their education and become Women’s Health Nurse Practitioners or Certified Nurse Midwives.
The average annual salary for a Labor and Delivery Nurse is $76,400.
37. Lactation Consultant
Lactation Consultants help new mothers understand best breastfeeding and breast pump practices.
Some of their duties may include:
- Designing breastfeeding programs
- Teaching classes on breastfeeding
- Helping patients cope with postpartum depression
After gaining experience as an RN in a Labor and Delivery or Neonatal nursing setting, you can obtain your Lactation Consultant Board Certification.
The average annual salary for a Lactation Consultant is $87,274.
38. Legal Nurse Consultant (LNC)
Legal Nurse Consultants are RNs that provide legal consultation to attorneys regarding medical issues. Their duties may include:
- Analyzing medical records
- Providing testimony in court
- Teaching attorneys about medical topics
A BSN is required to become a Legal Nurse Consultant, and it is possible to become certified.
The average annual salary for a Legal Nurse Consultant is $80,718.
39. Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)/Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN)
A Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN), also referred to as a Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN) in Texas and California, provides patients with basic care. They also assist RNs and doctors.
The specific duties of LPNs vary state to state, but typically include:
- Helping patients bathe or dress
- Recording patient health records
- Communicating patient status and concerns to RNs and doctors
To become an LPN, you need to complete an educational program that typically takes about a year to complete. You can find programs through technical schools and community colleges.
From there, you’ll need to pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-PN). Once, you pass, you’re officially an LPN! You can even get certified in areas like gerontology and IV therapy.
The average annual salary for a LPN or LVN is $48,070.
40. Long-term Care Nurse
A long-term Care Nurse provides care to patients who require care for an extended period of time. This type of nurse typically works with the same patients every day, and helps them recover from:
- Severe illnesses
Once you become an LPN or RN, you can take on this specialty.
The average annual salary for a Long-term Care Nurse is $76,296.
41. Managed Care Nurse
A Managed Care Nurse focuses on keeping healthcare costs down for both patients and medical facilities. They do this by making sure patients aren’t undergoing unnecessary tests and procedures and encouraging preventive health care practices.
This is typically a non-clinical role and involves communication between everyone from patients to to nurses to insurance companies.
To work as a Managed Care Nurse, you need to be an RN. After you’re a Registered Nurse, you have the option to get certified as a Managed Care Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Managed Care Nurse is $81,200.
42. Medical-Surgical Nurse
A Medical-Surgical Nurse provides care for patients preparing for or recovering from a surgery. Since Med-Surg Units often deal with high volumes of patients and the hard work involved in surgeries, these nurses should be comfortable working in a fast-paced environment.
While these nurses work on the Med-Surg floor, they don’t assist during surgery.
Once you become an RN, you can work as a Medical-Surgical Nurse. You also have the option to get a Medical-Surgical Nursing Certification to showcase your expertise in the speciality.
The average annual salary for a Medical-Surgical Nurse is $100,350.
43. Military Nurse
Military Nurses provide care to those in the service and members of their family. They also play a critical role in providing health services to those wounded in active duty.
Like nurses outside the military, they fulfill the same types of various nursing specialities that all other nurses can go after.
Becoming a Military Nurse will require that you complete training required by the branch of the military you want to work in.
You’ll also need to pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NLCEX). However, the military pay for or reimburse your education and licensure expenses.
The average annual salary for a US Army Nurse is $92,737.
44. Missionary Nurse
A Missionary Nurse provides care to patients in underserved communities across the globe. These communities often lack access to sufficient medical care, like:
- Qualified healthcare professionals
These nurses to be prepared tow work with limited resources, as work settings could lack things we take for granted like electricity and running water.
You need to be a licensed RN to work as a Missionary Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Missionary Nurse is $73,024.
45. Neonatal Intensive Care Nurse
Neonatal Intensive Care Nurses care for newborn patients suffering from conditions including:
- Birth defects
“Neonatal” refers to the first month of a baby’s life, but these patients often suffer conditions that require months of care. So, while these nurses often treat patients right after birth, they sometimes care for them for as long as two years.
To work in a NICU, you need to become an RN and gain experience in a related unit. While not mandatory, you can also become certified.
The average annual salary for a Neonatal Intensive Care Nurse is $101,727.
46. Nephrology Nurse
A Nephrology Nurse cares for patients dealing with conditions related to their kidneys. Within this nursing speciality, you can further specialize in areas like Pediatric Nephrology to treatments (like dialysis).Typical problems these types of nurses treat include:
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Renal cysts
- Kidney stones
You will need to become an RN to work in this specialty. You also have the choice to become a Certified Nephrology Nurse (CNN).
The average annual salary for a Nephrology Nurse is $101,334.
47. Neuroscience Nurse
Neuroscience Nurses provide care to patients dealing with problems related to the nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord. These conditions range from acute injuries, like head trauma, to long-term illnesses, like Parkinson’s disease.
Since the nervous system is so complex, this is one of the most challenging nursing specialities to break into.
You will need to become an RN in order to gain experience as this type of nurse. From there, you may choose to become a Certified Neuroscience Registered Nurse. You may even want to consider going for your MSN.
The average annual salary for a Neuroscience Nurse is $68,555.
48. Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)
Nurse Anesthetists are responsible for administering anesthesia to patients. They also monitor patients receiving or recovering from anesthesia.
Due the extensive knowledge and training required to perform this role, these APRNs are the highest-paid type of nurse.
To become a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist, you fist need to become a licensed RN and gain some experience in an ICU or similar setting. Then, you’ll need to obtain your Doctorate in CRNA program.
Finally, you’ll need to pass National Certification Examination. Once you pass, you can officially work as a Nurse Anesthetist!
The average annual salary for a CRNA is about $189,190.
49. Nurse Attorney
A Nurse Attorney is licensed as both a nurse and an attorney. They represent healthcare providers in court and try to change healthcare system policies.
Some of their specific duties can include:
- Teach healthcare workers about legal aspects of their jobs
- Provide testimony in court as an expert in healthcare
- Represent medical providers in malpractice cases
To break into this nursing speciality, you’ll first need to become an RN and gain experience as a nurse. Then, you have to apply to law school, obtain your JD degree, and pass your State Bar Licensing Exam.
Once you’re licensed as both a nurse and an attorney, you’re ready to begin work as a Nurse Attorney.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Attorney is $83,534.
50. Nurse Case Manager (Care Coordinator)
A Nurse Case Manager, or Care Coordinator, is an RN that organizes patient care for all members of the care team.
A patient will often need care from healthcare professionals in various specialties and departments. The Nurse Care Manager ensures they are all working as a cohesive team to treat the patient.
They have a lot of responsibilities, but some of them may include:
- Overseeing the discharge process
- Implementing a tracking system to coordinate patient care
- Overseeing the discharge process
To become a Certified Nurse Case Manager, you’ll need to be an RN and pass the certification exam.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Case Manager is $81,256.
51. Nurse Educator
Nurse Educators teach nursing curriculum at colleges and universities and serve as faculty members at teaching hospitals. Some of their duties can include:
- Designing and delivering curriculum
- Teaching clinical skills
- Advising students during rotations
After becoming an RN, you will need an advanced degree to work as a Nurse Educator. At a minimum, you will have to get your MSN, though you may consider getting a DNP. You can also become a Certified Nurse Educator.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Educator is $78,594.
52. Nurse Life Care Planner
Nurse Life Care Planners care for patients who require long-term care as a result of injury or chronic illness.
Some specific responsibilities may include:
- Advocating for patients
- Teach families and patients how to manage conditions
- Research the best long-term care options for patients
To become this type of nurse, you need to become an RN. After gaining experience, you can also become a Certified Life Care Planner.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Life Care Planner is $74,499.
53. Nurse Midwife
Nurse Midwives provide care related to women’s reproductive health and childbirth. These APRNs help women with low-risk pregnancies by providing care from prenatal visits to postpartum counseling.
Some specific duties can include:
- Monitoring fetal health
- Advising new mothers on baby care
- Educate women on sexual health
To become this type of nurse, you’ll need to be a licensed RN and get your MSN with a speciality in Midwifery. You can also become a Certified Nurse Midwife.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Midwife is $115,540.
54. Nurse Practitioner
A Nurse Practitioner (NP) is a type of APRN. NPs have more responsibilities and tend to earn more than RNs on average.
To become an NP, you will need to get your MSN or DNP. There are lots of Nurse Practitioner specialities you can choose to study or become certified in. A few of them include:
- Psychiatric Mental Health
The average annual salary for a Nurse Practitioner is $118,040.
55. Nurse Advocate
A Nurse Advocate communicates with both patients and other healthcare professionals to ensure patients understand their diagnosis. This allows them to make the best decision regarding their health.
Some duties may include:
- Understanding patient concerns and communicating them to the doctor
- Educating patients on their care options
- Supporting what the patient wants to do
To take on this nursing speciality, you’ll need to become an RN. There is no specific certification for this type of nurse, though there are related certifications.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Advocate is $63,620.
56. Nurse Entrepreneur
Nurse Entrepreneurs make use of their nursing education and experience to start healthcare-related businesses.
There’s obviously no predetermined level of education required to become a Nurse Entrepreneur. However, the more education and experience you have, the more likely you’ll be able to navigate difficulties of starting a business in the nursing field.
A business administration degree may also be useful.
57. Nurse Executive
Nurse Executives play a large role in shaping a healthcare organizations policies. They hold the most senior nursing positions in a facility, and often have titles like Director of Nursing.
In this position, you:
- Ensure the nurse team has what they need to succeed
- Create budgets and manage finances
- Develop and implement organizational policies
Nurse Executives require an MSN or an MBA. They can also obtain their Nurse Executive Certification.
The average annual salary for a Chief Nursing Executive is $244,100.
58. Nurse Manager
A Nurse Manager is responsible for hiring and supervising nursing staff. Some specific duties may include:
- Managing budgets and finances
- Managing medical records and staff recruitment
- Enforcing disciplinary procedures
To become this type of nurse, you’ll need to be a licensed RN and obtain either your MSN, MHA, or MBA. You can also get certified as a Nurse Manager and Leader.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Manager is $85,120.
59. Nursing Writer, Author, or Historian
Nurse writers can take on a number of different roles related to the field of nursing. For example, while some may write articles or historical books, others may focus on movie scripts and entertainment.
Before writing about nursing, it’s best to gain experience as an RN to give you a unique perspective writers without that experience don’t have.
The average annual salary for a Nurse Writer will vary greatly depending on the role but the average is $68,481.
60. Occupational Health Nurse
Occupational Health Nurses implement policies to protect workers from potential workplace hazards. Some specific responsibilities could include:
- Evaluating the safety of current work environments
- Implementing new safety initiatives
- Referring workers to employee assistance programs
To become this type of nurse, you’ll need to become an RN. Once you gain experience, you may choose to get certified.
The average annual salary for an Occupational Health Nurse is $70,068.
61. Oncology Nurse
Oncology Nurses provide care for patients who have (or are at risk of developing) cancer. Some of their duties may include:
- Providing emotional support for patients
- Administering treatments like chemotherapy
- Assisting in the creation of treatment plans
You will need to become a licensed RN to work as an Oncology Nurse. After gaining experience, you can get certified.
You can also become an Oncology Nurse Practitioner. To do this, you’ll need to get your MSN.
The average annual salary for an Oncology Nurse is $79,400.
62. Ophthalmic Nursing
Ophthalmic Nurses provide care to patients with eye conditions, such as:
- Macular degeneration
Their duties may include assisting with eye surgery or educating patients on how to care for their injury or illness.
You need to be a licensed RN to work in this nursing speciality. You also have the option to become certified after gaining experience.
The average annual salary for an Ophthalmic Nurse is $73,486.
63. Orthopedic Nurse
Orthopedic nurses provide care to patients with musculoskeletal conditions, such as:
- Broken or fractured bones
Responsibilities for this type of nurse can include assisting doctors with surgery and helping patients regain mobility and strength as they recover.
You need to be a licensed RN to work in this nursing speciality. You have the option to become certified after gaining some experience.
If you get your MSN, you could also become an Orthopedic Nurse Practitioner.
The average annual salary for an Orthopedic Nurse is $96,259.
64. Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) Nurse
Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) Nurses provide care to patients with conditions effecting their:
These nurses treat a wide variety of ailments, including allergies and broken bones in the nose. ENT nurses complete duties like caring for patients during surgery and performing patient assessments.
You must be a licensed RN to work as this type of nurse. After gaining experience, you can get certified.
The average annual salary for a Otorhinolaryngology Nurse is $81,022.
65. Pain Management Nurse
A Pain Management Nurse provides care to patients suffering from chronic pain. These nurses assess patients and attempt to pinpoint reasons for patients’ pain so they can treat it.
In this role, your duties could include:
- Educating patients on how to manage their pain
- Administering various types of medication
- Helping doctors implement pain management techniques for patients
To break into this nursing speciality, you need to be a licensed RN. After gaining experience, you have the option to get your Pain Management Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for a Pain Management Nurse is $110,418.
66. Parish Nurse
A Parish Nurse provides care to patients in a religious community. They combine the treatment of the body with treatment of the spirit.
Their duties may include:
- Performing health screenings
- Providing patients with spiritual support
- Teaching people in the religious community how to live a healthy lifestyle
To become this type of nurse, you’ll need to become a licensed RN. You can also choose to obtain your Faith Community Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for a Parish Nurse is $71,384.
67. Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse
A Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse provides care for patients under the age of 18 with endocrine disorder, such as:
- Pituitary disorders
These types of nurses monitor the young patients’ vital signs and teach them about lifestyle choices to help manage their conditions.
You’ll need to be a licensed RN to work in this nursing specialty. There’s no specific certification, though there are related ones.
The average annual salary for a Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse is $94,807.
68. Pediatric Nurse
A Pediatric Nurse provides care to patients from the time they are babies until they are into their late teens.
Typical duties for these types of nurses involve performing physical examinations and providing emotional support.
You will need to be a licensed RN to work in this nursing speciality. After getting experience as a Registered Nurse, you can choose to get your Pediatric Nursing Certification.
You also have the option of getting an advanced degree, like an MSN or DNP, and becoming a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner.
The average annual salary for a Pediatric Nurse is $74,800.
69. Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
Pediatric Nurse Practitioners provide care for patients from infancy until early adulthood. Because they work with young people, Pediatric NPs not only diagnose and treat patients, but also play a vital role in educating them on healthy lifestyle choices.
In some states, PNPs can:
- Work without a physician’s oversight
- Function as a primary care provider
- Run their own practice
To become a PNP, you’ll need to become a licensed RN and gain experience as a Pediatric Nurse. Then, you’ll need to obtain your MSN or DNP.
Finally, you can get your Pediatric Primary Care Nurse Practitioner Certification.
The average annual salary for a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner is $111,600.
70. Perianesthesia (Recovery Room) Nurse
A Perianesthesia Nurse (also referred to as a Recovery Room Nurse) provides care to patients about to undergo or recovering from anesthesia. This type of nurse needs to be ready to take care of patients who wake up and:
- Feel confused
- Suffer from pain
- Experience breathing problems
Recovery Room nurses also help prepare patients for surgery and educate patients on how to recover.
To work in this nursing specialty, you’ll need to be a licensed RN. After gaining experience, you have the option to become certified.
The average annual salary for a Perianesthesia Nurse is $70,969.
71. Perinatal Nurse
A Perinatal Nurse provides care to women during:
- The weeks following birth
In this role, nurses work with Midwives and doctors to deliver babies and educate women on prenatal health.
You’ll need to be at least an RN to work as this type of nurse. However, many employers require you to be a Nurse Practitioner or Clinical Nurse Specialist.
The average annual salary or a Perinatal Nurse is $83,322.
72. Perioperative Nurse
A Perioperative Nurse provides care to patients before, during, and after surgery. You’ll help patients along throughout the entire process of getting of their surgery.
Some specific duties include:
- Providing emotional support to patients as they prepare for surgery
- Managing equipment during procedures
- Educating patients on the recovery process
You’ll need to be a licensed RN to work as this type of nurse. You also have the option of becoming a Certified Perioperative Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Perioperative Nurse is $91,629.
73. Plastic Surgery Nurse
A Plastic Surgery Nurse provides care to patients undergoing cosmetic or reconstructive surgical procedures. These procedures can include:
- Facial reconstruction
In this role, nurses take on a variety of duties, like administering treatments and educating patients.
To work in this specialty of nursing, you need to be a licensed RN. Once you have experience, you can get certified.
The average annual salary for a Plastic Surgery Nurse is $74,090.
74. Poison Information Specialist
a Poison Information Specialist is a Toxicology Nurse that provides care to people who have ingested poison or need information about poison. Most of your patients will be children, and you’ll need to communicate with parents effectively.
While you’ll likely work with pediatricians, you could start your own practice.
To specialize in this type of nursing, you need to become a Register Nurse and gain experience. From there, you have the option to become certified.
The average annual salary for a Poison Information Specialist is $76,684.
75. Psychiatric Nurse
Psychiatric Nurses provide care to patients with mental health disorder, such as:
- Eating Disorders
- Depression and anxiety
- Substance abuse problems
These nurses evaluate patients and educate them on how to manage their conditions.
You must be a licensed RN to work in this nursing specialty. After gaining experience, you have the option to get your Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing Certification.
You can also get your MSN and become a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner.
The average annual salary for a Psychiatric Nurse is $79,132.
76. Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners are APRNs that provide similar care to Psychiatric Nurses. However, their advanced education and training allow them to take on additional challenges.
In some states, they can work with little to no physician supervision.
To become this type of nurse you first need to become an RN. Then, you need to get your MSN.
Finally, you can obtain your NP certification.
The average annual salary for a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner is $139,261.
77. Public Health Nurse
Public Health Nurses create and implement plans to keep communities healthy and safe. They are especially important when communities prepare or recover from natural disasters.
Some duties these nurses may carry out include:
- Collecting and evaluating data to prevent disease outbreaks
- Leading communities during times of crisis
- Educating the public on how to prevent the spread of disease or illness
To work in this nursing speciality, you need to be a licensed RN. The Public Health Nurse certification has been retired, though you may look into obtaining an advanced degree to take on more complex leadership roles related to public health.
The average annual salary for a Public Health Nurse is $64,780.
78. Pulmonary Care (Respiratory) Nurse
Pulmonary Care Nurses, also called Respiratory Nurses, provide care to patients suffering from lug and respiratory conditions. This includes both acute and chronic conditions, such as:
- Lung cancer
Typical duties for this type of nurse include performing tests and administering oxygen therapy.
You need to be a licensed Registered Nurse to work in this specialty. There’s no specific certification for Respiratory Nursing, though a Critical Care Nursing Certification could be beneficial.
The average annual salary for a Pulmonary Care Nurse is $99,206.
79. Quality Improvement Nurse
A Quality Improvement Nurse helps implement policy changes to improve the quality of care that nurses provide patients.
These types of nurses may:
- Start new policy initiatives to improve quality of care
- Monitor the effectiveness of policy changes over time
- Recommend new equipment and technology
This nursing speciality requires that you are a licensed RN. There are no certifications for this speciality, but you may consider getting an advanced degree so you can take on larger, more challenging roles related to quality improvement.
The average annual salary for a Quality Improvement Nurse is $77,594.
80. Radiology Nurse
A Radiology Nurse provides care to patients going through:
- Radiation treatments
Some of their duties can include inserting IVs or operating radiology equipment.
To become this type of nurse, you need to be a licensed RN. After gaining experience, you can become certified.
The average annual salary for a Radiology Nurse is $101,649.
81. Registered Nurse (RN)
A Registered Nurse (RN) is the main foundation of all the other nursing specialities. With the exception of LPNs, you will need to be an RN to become any specialized type of nurse.
As an RN, you can gain experience in a variety of specialities before deciding which one you’d like to focus on.
To become an RN, you need to get either your ADN or BSN and pass the NCLEX exam. It’s probably best to get your BSN, as many healthcare facilities are requiring more advanced education for employment.
The average annual salary for a Registered Nurse is $80,010
82. Research Nurse
Research Nurses record and analyze data during clinical trials in order to discover the effectiveness of new treatments for patients. Some of the duties for this type of nurse can include:
- Writing research reports and grant applications
- Collecting and analyzing data
- Presenting research findings at conferences
To become a Research Nurse, you first need to get your BSN, pass the NCLEX, and become an RN. Then, you can get your MSN.
While it’s not always a requirement, obtaining your DNP is likely a good idea if you hope to take on this nursing speciality.
The average annual salary for a Research Nurse is $90,260.
83. Rehabilitation Nurse
Rehabilitation Nurses provide care to patients with chronic illnesses or long-term and disabilities in order to help them live as independently as possible. Some of the responsibilities for this nursing speciality can include:
- Assisting patients return to normal daily life
- Creating long-term recovery plans for patients
- Teaching patients how to manage their conditions with rehabilitation techniques
You must be an RN to work as this type of nurse. You can also choose to get certified after gaining experience.
The average annual salary for a Rehabilitation Nurse is $83,760.
84. Reproductive Nurse
A Reproductive Nurse provides care and advice regarding fertility and reproduction. Some of the duties for this type of nurse can include:
- Teaching patients about reproductive health
- Treating patients with issues related to fertility
- Helping women undergoing menopause
To take on this nursing specialty, you need first need to become an RN. Then, after gaining some experience, you may choose to get certified in Obstetric Nursing.
The average annual salary for a Reproductive Nurse is $94,667.
85. Rheumatology Nurse
A Rheumatology Nurse provides care to patients suffering from rheumatic conditions. These are conditions that affect the muscles and joints, including:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Lyme disease
These nurses typically help patients with pain management as well as monitor vital signs.
To become this type of nurse, you first need to become an RN. After gaining experience, you can obtain your Rheumatology Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for a Rheumatology Nurse is $98,745.
86. School Nurse
School nurses provide care to students of all ages in educational facilities. As this type of nurse, you may:
- Perform hearing and eye tests
- Advocate for children who may need social services
- Administer basic first aid
- Teach students about how to stay healthy
You must be a licensed RN and gain experience before you can become certified as a School Nurse.
The average annual salary for a School Nurse is $52,978.
87. Subacute Nurse
Subacute Nurses provide care to patients requiring round-the-clock care for a short period of time. Nurses in this specialty typically:
- Closely monitor patients throughout the day
- Make life-saving interventions using defibrillators or ventilators
- Help patients manage pain
You must become an RN to work as this type of nurse, and there are no specific certification options to choose from.
The average annual salary for a Subacute Nurse is $84,523.
88. Substance Abuse Nurse
Substance Abuse Nurses provide care to patients dealing with addiction to drugs and alcohol. These nurses must be trained in both general medicine and mental health in order to help patients overcome physical and psychological causes of their abuse.
These nurses duties typically involve:
- Evaluating patients
- Teaching patients about substance abuse and treatment options
- Assisting in the creation of treatment plans for patients
This nursing speciality requires that you become a licensed RN. After gaining experience, you may choose to become a Certified Addictions Registered Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Substance Abuse Nurse is $62,104.
89. Telemetry Nurse
Telemetry Nurses, also called Progressive Care Nurses, focus on monitoring patients with heart conditions, such as heart disease. A large part of their job involves performing EKG tests and looking for unhealthy heart rhythms.
These nurses tend to care for high-risk individuals, so they need to be able to work quickly and efficiently.
To work in this nursing speciality, you first need to become an RN. Then, after gaining experience, you can obtain your Progressive Care Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for a Telemetry Nurse is $109,061.
90. Telephone Triage Nurse
A Telephone Triage Nurse, also called a Telehealth Nurse, provides care to patients over the phone or video chat. These nurses help patients decide whether to:
- Go to the ER
- See their doctor
- Treat themselves
This role typically involves teaching patients how to manage their conditions and referring them to appropriate healthcare professional when necessary.
You must become a licensed RN before you can work as this type of nurse. Them you have the option to get your Ambulatory Care Nursing Certification.
The average annual salary for a Telephone Triage Nurse is $78,580.
91. Toxicology Nurse
Toxicology Nurses provide care to patients who have come into contact with a dangerous poison. This include situations such as when a patient:
- Swallows Poison
- Is bitten by a venomous snake
- Is stung by a bee or wasp
These types of nurses can take on both clinical and non-clinical roles. For example, you may help patients via a poison control hotline, or you may treat patients directly.
For this nursing specialty, you need to first become a licensed RN. After gaining some experience, you can choose to become a Specialist in Poison Information.
The average annual salary for a Toxicology Nurse is $80,982.
92. Transcultural Nurse
Transcultural Nurses provide care to patients from different ethnicities and backgrounds while remaining sensitive to cultural differences.
This role largely revolves around understanding how different customs affect the way people manage their health.
To work as this type of nurse, you must first become a licensed RN. After gaining experience, you can choose to get your Transcultural Nursing Certification.
Unfortunately, there does not appear to be any salary data for Transcultural Nurses.
93. Transplant Nurse
A Transplant Nurse provides care to patients undergoing a transplant procedure. This includes both patients who are donating and receiving an organ or tissue.
Some of the duties for this type of nurse can include:
- Educating patients on the risks of transplant procedures
- Administering medication
- Monitoring vital signs and looking for signs of infection or organ rejection after surgery
This nursing specialty requires that you first become a licensed RN. After gaining experience, you have to the option to become a Certified Clinical Transplant Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Transplant Nurse is $96,764.
94. Trauma Nurse
Trauma Nurses provide care to patients who have undergone a traumatic injury or illness. These patients are often in critical condition, and nurses in this specialty typically work in emergency rooms.
They need to be able to think quickly and be cool under pressure in order to make life-saving interventions.
To become this type of nurse, you must be a licensed RN. Once you have some experience, you can become a Trauma Certified Registered Nurse.
The average annual salary for a Trauma Nurse is $93,177.
95. Travel Nurse
Travel Nurses fill nursing positions wherever there are shortages. They are typically hired through travel nursing agencies who work with hospitals to meet their demand for qualified healthcare professionals.
Any RN can work as a Travel Nurse.
These types of nurses typically make a higher salary than permanent nurses because they are filling critical shortages and traveling away from home. Many agencies even provide nurses with housing and other benefits.
If you’re interested in Travel Nursing, you should check out some opportunities.
96. Triage Nurse
Triage Nurses evaluate patients to establish the level of care they require. By ensuring that all patients receive the appropriate level of care, these nurses help reduce wait times and improve patient outcomes.
Responsibilities of nurses in this specialty can include:
- Assessing patients using a set of guidelines to determine the type of care they need
- Organizing patient care and transport
- Managing patients who are waiting to receive care
You must become a Registered Nurse to work as this type of nurse. After gaining experience, you may choose to get certified in Ambulatory Care Nursing.
The average annual salary for a Triage Nurse is $73,088.
97. Urology Nurse
Urology Nurses provide care to patients with conditions involving the urinary system. This includes conditions like bladder infections and kidney stones.
Some duties for this type of nurse can include:
- Educating patients on proper hygiene
- Assisting with catheterization
- Administering medications
This nursing specialty requires that you first become an RN. After getting some experience, you can become certified in urology.
The average annual salary for a Urology Nurse is $89,278.
98. Wound and Ostomy Nurse
Wound and Ostomy Nurses provide care to patients with ostomies. These are surgical openings on the body that allow for the excretion of waste.
These nurses duties typically include:
- Treating wounds
- Educating patients how to care for their wounds
- Assist the care team in making treatment decisions
The average annual salary for a Wound and Ostomy Nurse is $103,883.